Bicentennial Partnerships: Rule of Law
Bicentennial Partnerships reflect American and Russian cooperation in a range of areas as part of the U.S. Embassy Moscow's commemoration of the 200th Anniversary of U.S. - Russia Diplomatic Relations.
U.S.-Russia Foundation for Economic Advancement and The Rule of Law
In July 2006, President Bush announced the support of the United States for further development of an independent entrepreneurial sector in Russia, rooted in the rule of law, which can contribute to the modernization of the Russian economy. To this end, the United States Government has endorsed the creation of the "U.S.-Russia Foundation for Economic Advancement and Rule of Law" as a successor to the successful U.S.-Russia Investment Fund (TUSRIF). TUSRIF was established in 1995 to promote the growth of the Russian private sector and a healthy climate for private investment in Russia. Factsheet
Rule of Law and the Business Climate
Rule of law is essential to a stable business climate and to the flourishing of private enterprise. The United States has long supported the rule of law in Russia and is continuing to do so through innovative partnerships in the judicial and policy areas.
The U.S. Agency for International Development, through the Russian American Judicial Partnership (RAJP) and the Russian American Rule of Law Consortium (RAROLC) supports judicial exchanges and provides technical assistance to the Supreme Arbitrazh [Commercial] Court of the RF, the highest court in Russia’s system of specialized commercial courts, and to Russian commercial court judges. Topics include protection of intellectual property rights; so-called "e-justice" (electronic publication of court decisions, e-filing of documents that are part of litigation); and issues concerning judicial ethics and improved court administration.
Other U.S. assisted rule of law projects include support for the drafting and implementation of Russia’s new Code of Criminal Procedure (CCP). The CCP radically altered Soviet era practice by instituting adversarial procedures, such as jury trials, and requiring judicial authorization for serious investigative measures such as wiretapping. Such checks and balances make the system less arbitrary and more predictable, thus creating a more stable business environment. The CCP also provides other, specific protections for business.
Since adoption of the CCP in 2002, the Embassy has assisted its implementation in a variety of ways. For example, the Embassy and Department of Justice have been working together with the Russian General Procuracy to train Russian prosecutors in the prosecution of jury trials. The Embassy has also worked with the Duma Committee on Legislation to monitor implementation of the CCP by conducting regional programs designed to elicit feedback from lawyers, judges, prosecutors and investigators. These programs have resulted in the adoption of amendments to the CCP that reflect the realities of day to day practice.